The Plantation System, Pt 4; Religion in the City, Pt 1; Education (The History of Black Americans and the Black Church #51)
Our Scripture Verse for today is 2 Timothy 1:13-14 which reads: “Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. That good thing which was committed unto thee keep by the Holy Ghost which dwelleth in us.”
Our History of Black Americans and the Black Church quote for today is from Lee June, a professor at Michigan State University and the author of the book, “Yet With A Steady Beat: The Black Church through a Psychological and Biblical Lens.” He said, “Modernity, according to one writer, has pushed the overall church to leave little place for revelation or the ‘mysteries of God’ and to encourage: the separation of lives into public and private sphere and its compartmentalization into specialized areas resulted in religious faith becoming marginalized from society and reduced to a privatized matter for like minded individuals to pursue without imposing their views on the public sphere. This almost complete separation of lives into public and private spheres is probably one of the major problems for Christians resulting in Christianity being not viewed as a lifestyle.”
Our first topic for today is titled “The Plantation System, Part 4” from the book, “From Slavery to Freedom” by John Hope Franklin.
Food was on the whole insufficient for slaves. Planters did not often encourage any type of diversified agriculture that would have provided food for the workers. Where this was done at all, slaves were given small plots of land, sometimes far from their houses, that they could cultivate in spare moments. In Barbados, where planters had the reputation of providing for their slaves better than the planters of other islands, slaves were generally ill-fed. On one plantation each adult slave was given a pint of grain and half a herring (not in-frequently rotten) for twenty-four hours. In the famous investigation of 1790-1791 no plantation was found in which a slave received more than nine pints of corn and one pound of salt meat per week. Fish of the least desirable grades were imported from the New England colonies, and the planter who distributed these fish among the slaves acquired a reputation for great benevolence.
Our second topic for today is “Negro Religion in the City, Part 1” from The Negro Church in America by E. Franklin Frazier.
— The Migration to Cities
The migrations of Negroes to cities, especially to northern cities, produced a crisis in the life of the Negro similar in many respects to the crisis created by the Civil War and Emancipation. Immediately following Emancipation, Negroes drifted into the cities of the South in larger numbers proportionately than the whites. Then, after a decade or so, there was an almost imperceptible drift of the Negroes to hundreds of southern cities until the First World War when the mass migrations of Negroes to northern cities was set in motion. Until the First World War about nine-tenths of the Negroes were still in the South and about four-fifths of those in the South lived in rural areas.
Our third and final topic for today is from “The Black Church in the U.S.: Its Origin, Growth, Contributions, and Outlook” by Dr. William A. Banks.
Today we are looking at part 18 of Chapter 4: “Reconstruction and Retaliation — 1866 to 1914”
— EDUCATION (Continued)
With freedom, the black was left with little means of education. Fortunately, though white Protestants ceased to evangelize the masses of blacks, some turned to the work of educating them. At great personal sacrifice, Northern white men and women came from established churches to set up schools and teach the freed blacks. Many black schools still in existence today were founded during this unparalleled era of educational “missionary” activity.
Daniel Whyte III has spoken in meetings across the United States and in over twenty-five foreign countries. He is the author of over forty books including the Essence Magazine, Dallas Morning News, and Amazon.com national bestseller, Letters to Young Black Men. He is also the president of Gospel Light Society International, a worldwide evangelistic ministry that reaches thousands with the Gospel each week, as well as president of Torch Ministries International, a Christian literature ministry.
He is heard by thousands each week on his radio broadcasts/podcasts, which include: The Prayer Motivator Devotional, The Prayer Motivator Minute, as well as Gospel Light Minute X, the Gospel Light Minute, the Sunday Evening Evangelistic Message, the Prophet Daniel’s Report, the Second Coming Watch Update and the Soul-Winning Motivator, among others.
He holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Theology from Bethany Divinity College, a Bachelor’s degree in Religion from Texas Wesleyan University, a Master’s degree in Religion, a Master of Divinity degree, and a Master of Theology degree from Liberty University’s Rawlings School of Divinity (formerly Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary). He is currently a candidate for the Doctor of Ministry degree.
He has been married to the former Meriqua Althea Dixon, of Christiana, Jamaica since 1987. God has blessed their union with seven children.